by Nels Olsen
Pakuni sentence structure is essentially that of the English Language. The basic order of sentence components is as follows:
Pronunciation and Spelling
Since the Pakuni language does not have an indigenous written form, spelling and pronunciation equivalent to Spanish will be used here. Accentuation is also equivalent to Spanish.
The spelling of vowel sounds, for simplicity, will be that of Spanish:
Common nouns are polysyllabic, all of the form
<semantic class prefix> <root word sequence>
Semantic class prefixes
Common noun semantic class prefixes are single letters -- vowels. The classes are defined as follows:
Pronouns, like all non-common nounsw, begin with a consonant. They are as follows:
Simply add the suffix -ni to create plural versions.
Proper and Irregular Nouns
Proper and Irregular nouns are characterized by polysyllabic words that usually (but not always) begin with a consonant. Irregular nouns are those words which have been borrowed from other languages, such as English, and may take almost any form.
To create a plural noun, the suffix -ni is added.
Verbs consist of one or more syllables, and start with a consonant. Monosyllabic verbs may end in a consonant, but polysyllabic verbs must end in a vowel. Verbs are essentially the root words from which common nouns, adjectives, and adverbs can be formed.
Adjectives are polysyllabic words of the form
Adjectives follow nouns.
Adverbs are polysyllabic word of the form
If the root word is an adjective, the adverb therefore ends in -sachi. Adverbs follow (?) verbs.
Root words are small fragments, usually single syllables, that define the basic concepts used to create nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc. Most start with a consonant and end with a vowel. Verbs often take the form of the root word itself. Below is an example of how a root word is used to create other words:
Root word: mura (compassion/friendship)