The opening scene of the film tells us that Isla Sorna is
located 87 miles west of Isla Nublar.
Sorna is Spanish for "sarcasm", so Isla Sorna is,
apparently, Sarcasm Island!
The scene of the family on the beach who encounters the
little compys originally appeared in the Jurassic Park
novel. It does not appear in the Lost World novel.
The wealthy father and mother on the beach of Isla Sorna are
enjoying a bottle of
Perrier-Joulet French champagne, an expensive brand. I
can't make out the date on the bottle, but I'm sure it
was a good year.
The father is reading a copy of the
Financial Times newspaper. This is a real world
business newspaper based out of London, England. However, the
paper is printed on salmon colored paper, not white as shown
here. The back page of the issue he is reading has the
headline "Ghana's Kofi Annan to become UN chief"; this would
seem to indicate that the current day is probably December
18, 1996 since Annan was confirmed as UN Secretary-General
on December 17 (he assumed the office on January 1, 1997).
Malcolm mentions the Washington Post and the
Skeptical Inquirer. The
Washington Post is the largest and oldest newspaper
in Washington, D.C. The
Inquirer is a magazine dedicated to the critical
investigation of claims of the paranormal or fringe science.
From Malcolm's comments, the publication denounced his
claims of cloned dinosaurs in a failed theme park when he
went public with his story; this is basically the magazine's
modus operandi towards fringe claims.
Malcolm accuses Hammond's nephew, Peter Ludlow, of having
twisted the facts concerning the deaths of three people. He
must be referring to the deaths of Dennis Nedry, Donald
Gennaro, and Robert Muldoon (although the Topps JP comic
books tell us that Muldoon survived his seeming death at the
raptors' claws in
Jurassic Park; we could
perhaps imagine that he died in the unpublished conclusion
of the "green flame" story some time after
Hammond says that after the accident in Jurassic Park,
Hurricane Clarissa wiped out InGen's facility on Isla Sorna.
This is a fictional hurricane, as Clarissa is not a name that
has ever been used by the
Hammond quotes Malcolm has having said, "Life will find a
way." Malcolm's exact words (in
Jurassic Park) were "Life
finds a way."
When Hammond tells him about Site B, Malcolm wants to know
how the dinosaurs were able to survive since they were
lysine deficient and Hammond responds that's one of the
questions he wants the his team to answer. As previously
discussed in the
Jurassic Park study, all members of the animal
kingdom are naturally incapable of producing lysine
in the first place! All animals must obtain it from food
sources, just as the team discovers is the case with the
dinosaurs later on in the film.
At 10:12 on the DVD, on Hammond's desk in his bedroom, there
is a photograph of Tim and Lex.
|At 10:38 on the DVD,
a map of Isla Sorna appears on
Hammond's computer screen. It
appears quite different from the map
seen in the novel.
|Isla Sorna map in
||Isla Sorna map in
The dinosaur drawings that appear on Hammond's computer to
show each species' habitat on the island appear to be the
ones done by the production's concept artist Crash McCreery.
When Hammond mentions wanting to send a team to study the
dinosaurs on Isla Sorna, Malcolm suddenly jumps to the
conclusion that he wants four people. Maybe a line of dialog
was cut from the film in which Hammond mentions the number
At 12:12 on the DVD, the blue-jeaned legs of one of the film
crew can be seen in the reflection of the mirror on
Hammond's bedside end table.
The dialog between Hammond and Malcolm seems to indicate
that it has been four years since the accident at Jurassic
Park (Sarah also confirms this later in the film). In the novel, it is six years.
Notice throughout the scene with Hammond that there are
several plants and bunches of flowers with cards in his
bedroom, obviously "get well" gifts from people regarding
whatever it is that has him mostly bedridden at this time.
Hammond mentions that Sarah thinks she's Dian Fossey.
was an American zoologist who studied gorilla populations in
the wild for 18 years.
Here in the movie, the expedition's middle-aged field
equipment expert, Eddie Carr, is a combination of two
characters in the novel, Eddie Carr, a younger man with a
natural adeptness with technology, and Dr. Jack Thorne, a
former professor of applied engineering at
University and current owner of Thorne Mobile Field
Systems. Thorne does not appear in the movie. (Carr is also
depicted as a young man in the comic book adaptation.)
At 15:47 on the DVD, Nick Van Owen says he worked on
Nightline and does volunteer work for Greenpeace.
Nightline is a nightly, late-night news program on
the ABC television network.
Greenpeace is a worldwide civilian organization funded
by donations that works on and supports environmental
When Nick calls the upcoming expedition to Isla Sorna a wild
goose chase, Malcolm tells him, "Where you're going is the
only place in the world where the geese chase you!" Besides
being a humorous way of turning the old cliché around on
itself, it may also be a subtle reminder that modern birds
are now largely believed to have evolved from dinosaurs.
Malcolm's daughter Kelly complains that the woman he wants
to leave her with while he's away on the rescue operation is
a "troglodyte" who doesn't even have Sega. "Troglodyte" is a
popular generic term for a caveman or -woman. As for Sega,
given the shooting and release dates of the film, she is
probably referring to the Sega Saturn game console, released
The backlit wall map that Kelly
looks at in the trailer at 19:31 on
the DVD shows the coastline of Costa
Rica. The islands in the bottom left
corner are Las Cinco Muertes (the
Five Deaths) mentioned later in the
film as the expedition approaches
Isla Sorna by boat.
The five islands of Las Cinco Muertes are Isla Matanceros
(roughly Slaughter Island), Isla Muerta (Death Island), Isla
Sorna (Sarcasm Island), Isla Tacano (Mean Island), and Isla
Pena (Pain Island). Ironically, the most dangerous island,
due to the presence of dinosaurs, Isla Sorna, has the least
Eddie says the tranquilizer darts are loaded with the
enhanced venom of Conus purpurascens, the South Sea
cone shell. This is a sea snail which is venomous.
At 20:42 on the DVD, Eddie has unpacked a Lindstradt air
rifle for delivering the tranquilizer darts to dinosaur
specimens. Lindstradt is a fictional company invented by
Crichton for the Lost World novel. In
"Jurassic Time" it is
revealed that Lindstradt is a Swedish company.
At 20:59 on the DVD, we can see that the expedition's mobile
lab vehicle was manufactured by
Fleetwood, which is known as a maker of motor homes.
At 21:54 on the DVD, Eddie is using a Marksman GPS to track
Sarah's satellite phone. Marksman appears to be a fictional
Sarah tells the others they are there to observe and
document, not interact. Oh, yeah? Then why did she pet the
baby Stegosaurus? (The comic book adaptation wisely
omits this questionable scene.)
Malcolm calls Sarah out on the very notion of not
interacting with the dinosaurs. He cites the Heisenberg
Uncertainty Principle, saying, "That which you study, you also
change." More specifically,
Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle states
that in quantum
pairs of properties
can not be known
example, with an
electron you could
measure it's precise
position but not
both at the same
time. It is part
of the nature
statement actually sounds closer to the
Schrödinger's Cat thought experiment which demonstrates, in a
large scale manner, the indefinite state of two subatomic
particles that can be in one of two states, but which are in
neither state until it is measured (observed).
At 35:35 on the DVD, during the opening of Roland's safari,
he is holding a pamphlet about the island's dinosaurs. The
cover image is a Tyrannosaurus rex drawing by
the production's concept artist Crash McCreery. A few
seconds later, he is flipping through the pages looking for
"Friar Tuck" (a Pachycephalosaurus) and we see the page for
During Roland's safari stampede of dinosaurs are seen
Pachycephalosaurus, Gallimimus, and Mamenchisaurus.
Also during the safari, we are
introduced to paleontologist Robert
Burke, who is loosely based on real
world paleontologist Robert Bakker.
(Strangely, in IDW's JP comic book mini-series
Robert Bakker simulacrum is introduced in the character of Dr.
At 36:34 on the DVD, a Pachycephalosaurus rams a Jeep door
and the impact knocks the occupant out the opposite door!
Roland refers to the
Parasaurolophus as "Elvis", describing the creature's horn
as a "pompadour".
The animal-capture safari scene is very similar to a scene
in the 1962 film Hatari!, starring John Wayne as a
big game hunter who captures African animals alive for
shipping back to zoos in America.
Burke incorrectly identifies the compys as Compsognathus
triassicus. The actual genus/species name is
Compsognathus longipes. The triassicus
species name belongs to Procompsognathus triassicus.
He also incorrectly indentifies the person and year (Fraas,
1913) for Compsognathus (Fraas discovered
Procompsognathus that year), though he got the location
right (Bavaria, Germany). Compsognathus was
discovered by Joseph Orbendorfer in the 1850s. (In
the novel, it is
Procompsognathus triassicus which inhabit the
During his video presentation to the
InGen board of directors at 45:00 on
the DVD, Ludlow shows some concept
paintings of the San Diego Jurassic
While trying to call the boat back to pick them up, Ian says
its name is Mar del Plata. This translates as
Silver Sea. (It is also
the name of a city in Argentina.)
At 50:52 on the DVD, while they are setting the fractured
bone on the baby T. rex's leg, Nick refers to Sarah
as Dr. Quinn. This is a reference to the 1993-1998 CBS TV series
Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman.
Sarah gives the baby rex an injection of
amoxicillin. This is a real world antibiotic.
During the attack by the tyrannosaurs against the trailer
they knock it off the cliff, we never actually see the
beasts doing it! The closest we get is a shot of their heads
outside the windows as they break the glass. It would have
been neat to see some CGI of the two dinosaurs knocking the
When the two parent tyrannosaurs get their child back from
the humans, they seem to go back into the jungle to hide the
youngster somewhere and then return for revenge against the
humans, knocking the trailer halfway off the cliff. But then
they disappear again for some reason, allowing Eddie to
attempt a rescue of his friends in the trailer. Then the two
dinosaurs come back again to finish the job! But why did
they leave it half-finished in the first place? (The
novelization sort of gives an explanation, saying that the
mother picked the baby up in her mouth and placed it in
a tree while she and papa went back to kick to the shit out
of the trailer; the comic book adaptation suggests that the
two tyrannosaurs were probably brought back by the engine
roar of Eddie's AAV.)
At 1:04:21 on the DVD, a box of some kind seems to fly out
of nowhere to land behind Eddie's vehicle as he's trying to
tow the trailer back from the cliff's edge.
In my study of "Heirs
to the Thunder" Part 2, I commented that the issue's
scene of Dr. Gustavus' Quonset hut sliding off the muddy
cliffside in the rain down into the ocean below is very
similar to the scene in the The Lost World film in
which the high-tech "motor home" meets its end in nearly the
same manner. This issue was released in 1995, while the film
was in 1997. Was Spielberg inspired by this scene in the
Malcolm wisecracks to Ludlow, "If five years of work and
miles of electrified fence couldn't prepare the other
island, did you think that, what, a couple dozen Marlboro
Men were going to make a difference here?" "Marlboro Men" is
a reference to the Marlboro Man of the world-famous
advertising campaign for Marlboro cigarettes used from 1954-1999,
in which tough, rugged men contended with the outdoors with
a cigarette in hand or mouth.
Roland recognizes Nick Van Owen and says, "You're that Earth
First! bastard, aren't you?" Earth First! is a worldwide
environmental advocacy group (some would say radical in
At 1:08:10 on the DVD, Ludlow briefly informs us that the
InGen facility on the island still has power because it runs
on geothermal energy (heat from within the Earth).
Roland points out that predators don't hunt when they're not
hungry, so the tyrannosaurs won't be hunting them
immediately for food, because they just ate Eddie. But it
seems to me that half a human each would not be much meat to
a T. rex! They may still be hungry.
When Nick asks him why he wants to kill a tyrannosaur,
Roland replies, "Remember that chap about 20 years ago? I
forget his name. Climbed Everest without any oxygen. Came
down nearly dead. When they asked him, they said, 'Why did
you go up there to die?' He said, 'I didn't. I went up there
to live.'" Roland is probably referring to Reinhold Messner,
who climbed Everest solo without supplemental oxygen in
At 1:12:46 on the DVD, Nick refers to Roland as Ahab. This
is a reference to Captain Ahab from Herman Melville's
classic 1851 novel Moby Dick, who was obsessed with
killing the white whale Moby Dick, as Roland is focused on
bringing down a T. rex.
At 1:20:40 on the DVD, Sarah and Kelly are sleeping in a
tent with some left over graham crackers and Krackel candy
bars sitting between them. But at 1:21:26, the food is
suddenly sitting off on Kelly's side, not in the middle!
Krackel is a candy brand manufactured by
contains chocolate and crisped rice and is currently
available only as a miniature.
From 1:23:24-1:23:27 is a scene depicting Malcolm
hiding under a fallen tree as Ludlow's men run and jump over
it to escape from the T. rex. The scene looks very
similar to the one of Grant, Tim, and Lex hiding under a
fallen tree as a herd of Gallimimus run and jump over it to
escape from a T. rex!
After finding that Nick has sabotaged the bullets in his
elephant gun, Roland breaks out the Lindstradt air rifle and
tranquilizer darts. The warning on the tranq box reads:
VETERINARY TRANQUILZERS CONTAIN
CONCENTRATED NERVE AGENTS
USE EXTREME CAUTION!
IF INGESTED CONSULT POISON CONTROL CENTER IMMEDIATELY.
DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. NO KNOWN ANTIDOTE.
The scene of the T. rex attempting to lick the
humans out of the waterfall cave with its tongue is borrowed
from the first Jurassic Park novel by Crichton (pages
At 1:25:41 on the DVD, a snake crawls down the collar of
Burke's shirt and he panics. The snake looks similar to the
venomous coral snake, but from the coloration of the banding
on it, it is most likely a harmless milk snake. Additionally,
coral snakes are indigenous only to North America, while
milk snakes are found in North, Central, and South Americas.
The graveyard of gigantic dinosaur bones that the team
passes through near the InGen facility is presumably the
"dinosaur graveyard" depicted as the raptor habitat in the
novel (Sixth Configuration).
The door of the main InGen facility
on Isla Sorna is similar to the
"egg" design of the one at the
visitors center on Isla Nublar.
|InGen facility on
on Isla Nublar
When he arrives at the InGen facility and radios to be
pulled out, Nick says they are located at 9.58 N, 85 S. So,
this is where Isla Sorna is located. On Google Maps, we can
see that this is in the Golfo de Nicoya of Costa Rica,
roughly ten miles from the Cabo Blanco Nature Reserve. Of
course, there is no real world island (or island chain) there.
It also does not seem to jive with the statement at the
beginning of the film that Isla Sorna is 87 miles west of
After walking through the skeletal
ribcage of a gigantic sauropod at
1:31:50 on the DVD, Malcolm, Sarah,
and Kelly walk under a constructed
pipeline of some kind that looks
ironically similar to the giant
As Ludlow is delivering his speech about the revival of
InGen and the momentary arrival by ship of the T. rex at the
port of San Diego, at the right-hand
side of the screen, at 1:41:41 on the DVD, we can see a
large flatbed trailer that is still in the finishing stage
of welding huge, thick bars over it; this must be the
trailer on which Ludlow is planning to transport the adult
rex through San Diego to InGen's Jurassic Park facility in
the city. At 1:44:12, we get a full shot of the truck and
trailer, just before the ship strikes the harbor at high
At 1:42:57 on the DVD, we hear the ship carrying the T. rex
called the S.S. Venture. The name is a reference to
the ship in the 1933 classic film King Kong, also called the
The slaughter of the crewmembers of the Venture has
never made much sense to me. Presumably, it was the adult
T. rex who caused all the carnage. But how did he
escape from confinement? The novel offers no answers because
the San Diego scenes do not appear there at all, nor even in
the screenplay; this part of the film was a concoction by
Steven Spielberg at the last minute, during shooting of the
film. Looking closely at the scenes of Ludlow, Malcolm and
Sarah as they board the Venture to investigate the
crash, it appears that there is some twisted wreckage and
debris on the deck of the ship, possibly caused by the rex
during a rampage (1:44:51 on the DVD). Then we see human
remains in the wheelhouse (1:45:21), but how did it get
there...how could an adult T. rex get inside the still
intact wheelhouse to kill someone? And the baby rex does not
yet seem to know how to hunt. We then see the adult rex's
containment cage on the deck of the ship (1:45:23), looking
as if it might be slightly damaged, so it seems that the rex
woke up from its tranquilization and somehow tore free of
its confinement (though the cage does not really appear
damaged enough to allow escape). Then we see a dead man's
hand clutching the control mechanism for the huge doors of
the ship's cargo hold (1:45:44) and the doors are mostly
closed but cycling slightly up and down; presumably the
crewman, after the rex's escape and rampage, managed to trap
it in the hold before dying. So, from the visual cues, we
can sort of piece together what happened, but the scenario
does not really hold together well; too many discrepancies
At 1:46:08 on the DVD, the InGen security guard leaves
bloody footprints as we walks the deck, having tracked
through the carnage.
As the InGen personnel flee off the Venture from
the T. rex at 1:46:39 on the DVD, many of them jump
off the dock into the water to escape. The rex takes a
midair snap at the last one as he jumps, but misses!
Also during the above mentioned scene, notice that one man
trips and falls as he flees. He remains hunkered down as the
rex passes overhead and he just misses getting stepped on at
1:46:58 on the DVD, it's ironic that
the port sign says no animals beyond
this point as the rex crashes
through it, into San Diego.
The cityscape seen in the background at 1:47:18 on the DVD
suggests that the InGen port is located roughly across the
harbor from the San Diego Convention Center; the building
with the strip of green neon light is the Westin
Hotel--where I've stayed a number of times for the
Comic-Con, held yearly at the convention center--and the tall building with the pyramidal top is
the U.S. Bank building. But the graphic outline of the
InGen dock (seen earlier at 1:42:51) does not conform to the
harbor outline of that area in the real world.
At 1:47:26 on the DVD, Sarah is informed by an InGen man
that Roland had shot the rex twice with carfentanil to
tranquilize it and then it was given naltrexone on the ship
when it stopped breathing. Both are real world drugs. Carfentanil is
an opioid intended
only for use in tranquilizing large animals. Naltrexone is
an opioid receptor antagonist, which would halt the effect of
the carfentanil on the tyrannosaur. This is what made the
tyrannosaur wake up and, according to Sarah's comments, even
put it in a narcoleptic state, making it a locomotive (which
might explain how it was able to break free from the cage on
The sign at 1:51:12 on the DVD appears to say "Jurassic Park
At 1:51:16 on the DVD, a cord can be seen pulling down a
container and a light stand as Sarah's car zooms into the
Jurassic Park San Diego complex. But at 1:52:03, the light
stand is back up again and the fallen container is missing!
The escaped tyrannosaur is seen rampaging down a street that
crosses Cedar. There is an actual Cedar St. in San Diego,
but the on-location filming of the scene actually took place
in Burbank according to the "World of Jurassic Park" DVD
The interior of a Blockbuster Video store is seen at 1:52:49
on the DVD.
Blockbuster Video is a chain of video rental stores in
the U.S. and abroad. The two movie standees seen here for
King Lear starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and
Jack and the Beanstalks starring Robin Williams (it
appears that Williams plays the giant) are not real films
featuring these actors. King Lear is originally a play by
William Shakespeare. Jack and the Beanstalk is
an English fairy tale which has been printed in numerous
versions by numerous authors; I'm not sure why the movie
advertised in the standee should be titled in the plural.
As the camera pulls back in the scene above, many other
movie posters and standees are seen. One is a poster for
Creature from the Black Lagoon and another is a fake movie
standee for Tsunami Sunrise starring Tom Hanks.
The license plate of the bus changes from when the T.
rex slams into it to when it crashes through the video
The crowd of people fleeing from the tyrannosaur at 1:53:00
on the DVD runs past a Fuddruckers.
Fuddruckers is an
American restaurant chain specializing in hamburgers.
The swarm of Asian men fleeing the tyrannosaur at 1:53:01 on
the DVD is Spielberg's homage to the Japanese Godzilla
As the tyrannosaur munches on a pedestrian (actually
screenwriter David Koepp!) at 1:53:19 on the DVD, we see a
Starbucks Coffee and a Pacific Bell pay phone.
is seen around the corner, up the next block.
At 1:53:40 on the DVD, the tyrannosaur trashes part of a
Unocal 76 gas station. Unocal is now part of the
Talk about rising gas prices! When Malcolm and Sarah pull
into the Unocal 76 station, the price for regular unleaded
gas is $1.09 per gallon. A few seconds later, as the
tyrannosaur roars at them, the sign behind the beast says
At 1:56:20 on the DVD, a warehouse on the waterfront says
Southwest Marine. There are a number of businesses with that
name, including in San Diego.
At 1:59:59 on the DVD, Malcolm, Sarah, and Kelly watch the
CNN coverage of the Venture's return trip to Isla Sorna to
take the papa and child tyrannosaurs back to their home.
News Network) is a worldwide cable news network. The
anchorman, Bernard Shaw, was an actual CNN anchorperson at
the time the film was shot.
Malcolm, Sarah, and Kelly are watching the coverage in what
must be either Malcolm's or Sarah's apartment. We don't see
much of it, but it seems to have a somewhat more masculine
look than feminine, so I would guess it is Malcolm's pad.
In his TV interview, Hammond mentions working with the Costa
Rican Department of Biological Preserves to protect Isla
Sorna and its animals. As far as I can tell, this department
In the last shot of the movie, pterosaurs are seen flying
free over Isla Sorna. What keeps them from just flying away
to terrorize the mainland? In Jurassic Park III, it
is implied that the pterosaurs are still trapped within the
aviary (although in the book
Survivor, Eric Kirby
does encounter a loose pterodactyl on the island).
Notes from "The Making of The Lost World" (DVD extra)
In an early draft of the Lost World script, there was a scene in
which our heroes are running from the raptors and they jump off a
cliff to escape, activating a parachute-like pack from which springs
hang glider wings. They escape the raptors only to be menaced by
pterosaurs in the sky! It seems this idea was reworked for the
aviary scene in
Jurassic Park III.
Notes from the "World of Jurassic Park" (DVD extra)
I always wondered what species the saurpods in the round-up sequence
of the film were supposed to be. They weren't brachiosaurs, but their
necks seemed to be too long to be apatosaurs or similar sauropods.
This DVD extra informs us that the beasts are a species of
Mamenchisuaurus, which are known for their incredibly long necks.
The Lost World novel by Michael Crichton
(The page numbers come from the 25th printing of
the U.S. Ballantine Books paperback edition)
This novel seems to be a sort of "hybrid sequel" of both the
Jurassic Park movie and novel. That is, the references in it
seem to be a mix of events from both the JP novel and film.
John Hammond is
dead, whereas in the
movie he survived
the events of JP and
appears in the film
version of The Lost
Ian Malcolm is
alive, whereas he
died in the JP
novel, though he
lived in the JP
- Ellie Sattler is
described as having
involved with Alan
Grant, as in the JP
movie, and currently
married to a
whereas in the JP
novel she was merely
his student and
engaged to a Chicago
- Donald Gennaro
is said to have died, as in the JP
film, whereas in the
JP novel he lived.
The novel has an introduction called "Extinction at the K-T
Boundary" on pages xi-xiv.
Page xii mentions
of high amounts of
iridium in rocks
from the K-T
suggesting that a
struck the Earth at
that time and
about the extinction
of the dinosaurs.
This is all true and
most scientists also
now accept the
meteorite theory of
Page xii also
mentions Dr. Malcolm
speaking at the
Santa Fe Institute.
This is a real world
institute in Santa
Fe, New Mexico. Page
1 of the novel
some buildings on
Canyon Road which
had formerly been a
this was true at the
time of Crichton's
writing, but I can
find no evidence of
it. Currently the
Institute has 3
locations in the
city of Santa Fe
and, while there is a
Canyon Road in the
city, none of SFI's
locations are on it.
Much like the first novel was broken down into "iterations"
instead of chapters, this one is broken down into
"configurations". Each of these pseudo-chapters are
accompanied by a graphical representation of Malcolm's
narrative of the evolutionary "edge of chaos".
Page 1 describes Dr. Malcolm as being 40 years old at the
time the book opens (about 6 years after the events in the
Also on page 1, Malcolm comments on the premature reports of
his death. "I was sorry to cut short the celebrations in
mathematics departments around the country, but it turned
out I was only slightly dead. The surgeons have
done wonders, as they will be the first to tell you. So now
I am back--in my next iteration, you might say." His first
sentence here reminds me a bit of Mark Twain's famous quote,
"The reports of my death have been greatly exaggerated."
Malcolm's comment about his next iteration is a reference
back to the 7 iterations (instead of chapters) of the
Jurassic Park novel.
Unlike in the movie, Malcolm uses a cane during much of the
novel due to the serious injuries he suffered in
Page 2 states that chaos theory is now known as complexity
theory. Doing some reading on complexity theory, it seems
that it grew out of chaos theory but chaos theory still
exists on its own. Complexity theory seems to be what
Malcolm really believes in rather than that of chaos,
particularly in regard to his discussions in this novel.
Here, Malcolm, and complexity theory, tell us that complex
systems, such as evolving ecologies, exist on the edge of
chaos; this life on the edge of chaos is what forces
life-forms to continuously adapt to their surroundings, to
On page 3, Malcolm mentions Avogadro's number and Planck's
Avogadro's number, named for Italian scientist Amedeo
6.02214179(30)×1023 mol-1, a
way of defining the ratio of the number of atoms or
molecules in a mole
of a substance. Planck's constant is the physical constant
of the sizes of quanta (a physical entity in an interaction)
in quantum physics.
Page 5 mentions six shorthand names given to common
evolutionary scenarios by the staff of SFI. Field of
Bullets, Gambler's Ruin, Game of Life, Red Queen and Black
Noise are all real world evolutionary or mathematical
hypotheses; several of these have subchapters named after
them in the novel. "Lost World" is the only one that seems to have
been made up by Crichton (inspired, I'm sure, by Arthur
Conan Doyle's original Lost World novel).
Page 6 describes Sarah as having black hair, unlike in the
film where she is a redhead. It also tells us that Sarah had
helped nurse Malcolm back to health for a year after his
adventure on Isla Nublar (though she is not aware of the
true nature of the adventure). Although a romantic
relationship had briefly developed, the two are now just
Unlike the oft-married Malcolm of the movies, page 6
describes him as a confirmed bachelor, though Sarah came
close to making an honest man out of him.
On page 8, Levine mentions a cryptid animal similar in
description to a sauropod in the Congo forests near Bokambu.
Although I can find no reference to a real place called
Bokambu, there have been reports of a sauropod-like creature
in the Congo called Mokele-mbembe for centuries; several
expeditions have failed to find the creature.
Also on page 8, Levine mentions possible ceratopsian
sightings in the high jungles of Irian Jaya (now known as
West Papua in Indonesia).
On page 9, Levine mentions examining the remains of a frozen
baby mammoth in Siberia. Siberia, a region of Russia, is
known for its millions of mammoth remains.
On page 10, Malcolm, Sarah and Levine have lunch at the
Guadalupe Cafe in Santa Fe "on the other side of the river".
is a real restaurant. "The other side of the river" is a
reference to the Santa Fe River, which is mostly dry most of
year. Here at the cafe, Sarah drinks a Corona, an imported
beer from Mexico.
Page 10 also reveals that Levine asked Alan Grant about the
rumors that he had been involved in an incident with
genetically engineered dinosaurs on an island in Costa Rica;
Grant replied that that was absurd. Levine knows that Malcolm
is also implicated in these rumors.
Also on page 10, Malcolm mentions the concept of the
techno-myth, developed by Geller at Princeton. Although
Princeton is a real university, the rest was invented by
Crichton for the novel. It may not be far from the truth,
however. The premise is that modern civilization has
replaced classical myths with modern, post-scientific ones
such as alien visitations, ESP, CIA conspiracies...and
living dinosaurs in remote parts of the world.
Although it's never explicitly stated in the films or
novels, the veterinarian of Jurassic Park in the
original novel, Dr. Gerry Harding, has been stated by Crichton to be the father of Dr. Sarah Harding. If so, he
apparently never told her about his work on Isla Nublar
since she does not know about InGen's genetically engineered
dinosaurs as the book introduces her. (See page 281 of this
book for Sarah's statement that he was a vet and bird specialist at
the San Diego Zoo.)
Although it hasn't quite happened yet in the film, in
InGen is bankrupt.
Page 17 mentions the Reserva Biológica de Carara.
This is a real biological reserve in Costa Rica.
Page 18 refers to a region of Costa Rica called Rojas and
page 20 to Juan Fernandez Bay, where the dinosaur carcass
investigated by Levine has been found. I am unable to
confirm the existence of a region and bay by those names in
Costa Rica. Crichton may have borrowed the Juan Fernandez
name from the Juan Fernandez Islands, about 414 miles off
the coast of Chile.
Page 18 reveals that Levine and Gutierrez had both attended
Yale University. Yale is an Ivy League university in New
On page 19, Levine says he was recently at the Flaming
Cliffs in the Gobi Desert of Mongolia, 3 hours out of Ulan
Bator. The Flaming Cliffs are known for its findings of
dinosaur eggs and Velociraptor remains. Ulan Bator
is the capital of Mongolia.
Also on page 19, Levine says he was at the Flaming Cliffs
advising paleontologist John Roxton on a find he'd made
there. The name John Roxton is borrowed by Crichton from the
original Lost World novel by Arthur Conan Doyle; in
it, Roxton was an explorer and hunter.
On page 20, Levine mentions the Troodon, a small
carnivore of the Cretaceous period. This is an accurate
description of the dinosaur. Troodons appear in a
couple chapters of
Jurassic Park: The Game.
The description of Komodo dragons given on page 22 is
Page 24 mentions the Galapagos Islands. This is the Pacific
island chain 525 nautical miles off the coast of Ecuador
that helped Charles Darwin come to his theory of evolution
by natural selection.
Page 26 mentions a backpack made of Gore-Tex. Gore-Tex is a
Page 29 mentions several islands off the coast of Costa
Rica: Talamanca, Sorna, and Morazan. These are all fictional
Page 31 mentions that George Baselton is Regis Professor of
Biology. Presumably, Crichton is referring to Baselton being
a Professor of Biology at
Regis University in Denver, CO.
Page 33 mentions LACSA. LACSA is the national airline of
On page 34, Levine speculates that the carcass discovered on
the beach of Juan Fernandez Bay is a Ornitholestes. This was
a theropod carnivore of the late Jurassic period.
On page 35, Dodgson meets with some of his spies at a Marie
Marie Callender's is a restaurant
chain in the western U.S. established in 1948.
Page 35 also describes Dodgson as driving a BMW automobile.
BMW is a German motor company known for its luxury and
performance automobiles. Dodgson's spy, Ed James, is
depicted driving a
Ford Taurus on page 53.
Page 36 mentions the Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary. This
was a period boundary within the late Cretaceous epoch.
On page 36, Dodgson's spy, Ed James, gives him information on
Ellie Sattler, describing her as formerly involved with Dr.
Alan Grant and now married to a Berkeley physicist with whom
she has a young son and daughter. This goes against the
Jurassic Park novel, in which Grant explicitly states
that Ellie is merely his student, not a romantic
involvement, and that she was engaged to a doctor in
Chicago. This lends support to my earlier remark that this
novel seems to be a "hybrid-sequel" of the Jurassic Park
novel and movie.
Page 37 reveals that, after Hammond's death, InGen filed for
Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Chapter 11 allows a business to
continue operating under government jurisdiction for
restructuring, while selling off many of its assets to pay
off its creditors.
Page 37 also reveals that Thorne's company, Mobile Field
Systems, is located in Woodside (presumably the town in
California, located near the San Francisco Bay area, near
BioSyn corporate headquarters).
Page 38 mentions that Kelly and Arby attend Woodside Junior
High. This appears to be a fictional school in Woodside.
Page 38 also suggests that Levine drives a Ferrari.
Ferrari is an Italian sports car manufacturer.
On page 39, Malcolm receives a delivery via DHL.
is an express mail service.
Page 47 mentions fossilized dinosaur footprints in the
Purgatoire River in Colorado. This is an actual natural
historical site, the
Picketwire Dinosaur Tracksite.
On page 48, Levine sees a Mussaurus on Isla Sorna.
The Mussaurus was a real dinosaur, so-named for its
mouse-like size. However, the only fossils discovered of the
species are of infants and juveniles; the adults may have
reached as much as 10 feet in length.
Page 50 mentions the Manson, Iowa impact crater. This crater
exists in the real world, caused by a meteorite impact 74
million years ago. Also mentioned here is the Yucatan crater
"near Merida"; Merida actually exists in
the Chicxulub crater diameter, the crater created by the
meteor now believed to have caused the mass extinction
event that ended the reign of the dinosaurs on Earth.
Page 51 mentions Kmart.
a chain of discount department stores throughout the U.S.
Page 51 also mentions
a brand of athletic footwear.
Page 59 suggests that the animal tags used on the dinosaurs
of Isla Sorna are made of Duralon plastic, "the stuff they
use to make football helmets". I've not found any direct
evidence of such a plastic used in football helmets. There
is a Duralon rubber used in many types of footwear.
Page 61 tells us the main vehicles of the Isla Sorna
expedition are modified Ford Explorers.
Page 61 also mentions the Explorers' being fitted with
Hughes is a real world company that makes
high-performance products for automobiles, including torque
converters (which I presume is what Crichton is referring to
The "super-RV" travelling lab seen in the movie and novel is
said to be called Challenger on page 61. Possibly this is
intended by Crichton as an homage to the character of
Professor George Challenger from the original The Lost
World novel by Arthur Conan Doyle.
On page 62, Thorne reveals the Internal Ursine Deterrent
(IUD), so named, jokingly, by Levine. The IUD is the rigging
of a thousand volts of electricity across the outer skin of
the Challenger to deter animals from taking too keen an
interest. Ursine is a reference to bears but, obviously, the
deterrent was meant to be towards dinosaurs in this case.
The abbreviation IUD may also be a joking reference to the
IUD (Intrauterine Device), a birth control device used by
Page 65 mentions Hoover Tower. This is a structure on the
Stanford University campus.
Page 65 also mentions assignments from Professor Thorne in
which his engineering students are tasked with inventing
structurally sound solutions out of simple materials such as
Q-tips, paper, and thread. Q-tips are the best-selling brand
of cotton swabs.
Page 66 mentions that Professor Thorne liked to pepper his
lectures with quotes from Plato, Chaka-Zulu, Emerson, and
Chang-tzu. These are all historical figures. Plato was a
philosopher in ancient Greece and founded the first
institution of higher learning in the Western world in
Athens, the Academy.
Chaka-Zulu was a powerful and influential tribal leader in
southern Africa in the early 1800s and he united many of the
Nguni tribes of the area into the Zulu nation. Emerson
probably refers to Ralph Waldo Emerson, an American poet and
essayist during the 1800s. Chang-tzu was a Chinese writer in
the first half of the 20th century; he was known for writing
both science books and romance novels--perhaps, Crichton
felt a bit of kinship with him, being involved in both
science (as an M.D.) and fiction writing.
On page 68, Arby refers to VLSI. This stands for
Very-Large-Scale Integration, the term used for integrated
circuits that combine many transistors onto one chip. Arby
also mentions scavenging Motorola BSN-23 chip arrays which
he says is "restricted technology developed for the CIA";
Motorola is an actual telecommunications technology
company in the U.S., the BSN-23 chip appears to be
Crichton's fabrication for the novel.
Page 69 reveals that Sarah had been a scholarship student at
University of Chicago before becoming an assistant
Princeton. Both are real world universities known for
their scientific research programs.
Page 69 also mentions an incident when Sarah had to walk
alone through 20 miles of African savannah when her Land
Rover broke down.
Land Rover is a British maker of 4-wheel drive vehicles.
Page 75 mentions several books found in Levine's apartment:
Catastrophe Theory and Emergent Structures;
Inductive Processes in Molecular Evolution;
Cellular Automata; Methodology of Non-Linear
Adaptation; Phase Transition in Evolutionary
Systems. As far as I can tell, these are all titles
made up by Crichton for the novel.
On page 76, Kelly finds a fax for Levine from the Peabody
Museum at Yale University in New Haven, CT. This is a
reference to the
Peabody Natural History Museum, well-known for its
Page 76 also mentions a German document sent to Levine by
the Peabody Museum called Geschictliche
Forschungsarbeiten iiber de Geologie Zentralamerikas,
1922-1929. The title translates as Historical
Researches on the Geology of Central America, 1922-1929.
As far as I can tell, this is a fictional academic document.
On page 77, a small German book is found featuring illustrations of
Aztecs in colorful costumes called Die Funf Todesarten.
This translates as The Five Deaths.
There are also several books/articles from the Santa Fe
Institute mentioned on page 77: Genetic Algorithms and
Heuristic Networks; Geology of Central America;
Tesselation Automata of Arbitrary Dimension. As far
as I can tell, these are all fictional titles used by
Crichton for the novel.
Page 78 includes some notes from the InGen Annual Report,
including the line, "A geological lab in South Africa, where
amber and other biological specimens are acquired." This is
a reference to InGen's large-scale attempts to mine amber
for the prehistoric blood-sucking insects sometimes trapped
inside, with the blood/DNA of dinosaurs in their bodies.
On page 80, Levine has an old CAD-CAM computer recovered
from InGen and made by Design Associates, Inc. As far as I
can tell, this is a fictional PC company. CAD-CAM means
Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufacturing.
Page 83 describes Richard Owen has having coined the term
Dinosauria (terrible lizard) in the 1840s. This is
true. Owens was a British biologist.
Page 83 also mentions
John Ostrom as one of the lead proponents of dinosaurs being
warm-blooded. This is true.
On page 84, Malcolm's assistant, Beverly, mentions visitors
from the magazine Chaos Quarterly. This appears to
be a fictional magazine about chaos theory invented by
Crichton for the novel.
On page 85, Malcolm has a large map of the world, with pins
marking a dozen places where dinosaur-like creatures have
been sighted in the last several years. These places include
Rangiroa, Baja California, and Ecuador. These are all real
places: Rangiroa is an atoll in the Pacific Ocean near
Tahiti; Baja California is a state in Mexico; Ecuador is a
country in South America.
On page 87, Malcolm says the islands of the Five Deaths are
strung out about 10 miles off the bay of Puerto Cortes.
Puerto Cortes is in Honduras, on the Caribbean side. Oddly,
this places the Five Deaths on the opposite side of Central
America from where they are described in the film version.
Page 113 also informs us that Isla Sorna is located in a
different position relative to the other Five Deaths; here,
it is described as being the one farthest north whereas, in
the film, it is shown as being in the middle of the island
chain. (However, page 301 describes dinosaur carcasses
washing up on the beaches of Pacific islands; how could the
carcasses get into the Pacific unless Isla Sorna was in
On page 90, Ed James has the wrappers from two Big Macs
sitting in his car. The Big Mac, of course, is the
best-selling hamburger of the
McDonald's fast food chain.
In the movie version, Kelly is Malcolm's daughter and,
seemingly half African-American. In the novel, she is not
related to any of the other protagonists and page 91 reveals
her to be white, while her friend Arby (who does not appear
in the film at all) is black. Page 250 tells us Kelly's last
name is Curtis.
On page 95, Kelly sees a row of books in one of the
expedition trailers: Modeling Adaptive Biological
Systems; Vertebrate Behavioral Dynamics;
Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems;
Dinosaurs of North America; Preadaptation and
Evolution. As far as I can tell, half of these titles
were made up by Crichton for the novel, but
Modeling Adaptive Biological Systems may be
referring to a 1989 article of that name by R.J. Bagley,
J.D. Farmer, S.A. Kauffman, N.H. Packard, A.S. Perelson, and
I.M. Stadnyk. Adaptation in Natural and Artificial
Systems is a 1992 book by John Holland about complex
systems. Dinosaurs of North America is a fairly
generic title, but may be referring to the original 1896
book by pre-eminent paleontologist Othniel Charles Marsh.
Page 97 reveals that Kelly's mom is a waitress at Denny's.
Denny's, of course, is a diner chain with locations all
around the world.
Page 98 mentions Sarah seeing a kopje through her night
vision goggles. A kopje is a rock knob rising above its
environmental surroundings. She also sees the reflections of
small eyes in the distance, probably hyraxes. Hyraxes are
small herbivorous mammals seen in Africa and the Middle
Page 99 describes a hyena attack witnessed by Sarah in the
African savannah. The pack's attack is very similar to
attack patterns of the Velociraptor pack depicted
in both this novel and the film. Page 101 draws a
parallel with the raptors in the description of their social
hierarchy (matriarchal) and their sophisticated
communication with each other.
Sarah mentions catching a flight to Nairobi from Seranera on
page 102. Seronera is a small settlement in the Serengeti
National Park, Tanzania, Africa.
Pages 104-108 introduce us to the head of Biosyn, Jeff
Rossiter. In "Civilization",
the BioSyn head was said to be
Bill Steingarten. Rossiter's comments here seem to indicate
that he has been in charge throughout Dodgson's attempts to
steal the genetic cloning technology from InGen since
Jurassic Park, so it seems unlikely that he has just
recently come into the job. The discrepancy in names could
just be a difference between the novel universe and the film
Page 108 reveals that one of Dodgson's ideas for Biosyn's
dinosaurs is to open a hunting preserve in Asia or somewhere
where hunters could hunt a T. rex or other
On page 111, Thorne uses a couple of Huey helicopters to
transport the cargo containers of equipment from Puerto
Cortes to Isla Sorna. Hueys are a family of helicopters
built by the
Bell Helicopter company.
Page 113 says that some of the local people refer to Isla
Sorna as Isla Gemido for the sounds of the ocean waves in
the coastal caves. Gemido is Spanish for groan.
On page 114, the pilot who transports Thorne to Isla Sorna
says he has a job in Golfo Juan that afternoon, so he will
not be back to pick them up until the morning. I have been
unable to find a place called Golfo Juan in Central America
(there is a Golfe Juan in France).
Page 115 reveals that Eddie Carr was raised in Daly City.
This is a city in California, near San Francisco. Here in
the novel he is depicted as younger (24 years old) than his
appearance in the movie. His middle-aged depiction in the
movie is probably due to his role being an amalgamation of
the Eddie Carr and Dr. Thorne characters from the novel.
Page 116 mentions that Thorne is using the new lithium-ion
batteries from Nissan in the expedition vehicles.
known in the real world for its research and production of
On page 117, Eddie laments not having a Pizza Hut nearby.
is a pizza restaurant with franchises around the world.
Page 132 mentions Larson's Deli, presumably in Woodside, CA
since it is Arby who is thinking of the place. As far as I
can tell, there is no such deli in Woodside.
Page 132 also describes Arby as being too interested in his
studies to learn much about pop culture like Melrose
Place, the San Francisco 49ers or Shaq. Melrose
Place was a prime time soap opera television series on
network from 1992-1999 (a new version aired on the
network during the 2009-2010 season). The
49ers are the
football team of San Francisco. "Shaq" refers to Shaquille
O'Neal, an American professional basketball player for the
Page 135 makes a reference to FSH. FSH stands for
On page 138, Thorne notices the footprints of someone
wearing Asolo boots.
a boot company in Italy. Some Evian bottles are also found
in an abandoned InGen building;
a French brand of mineral water.
On page 141, Thorne mentions the quagga, a subspecies of the
zebra that was driven to extinction by human hunting by the
early 1880s. This is true. Thorne goes on to talk about how
quagga DNA was recovered in the 1980s, opening the
possibility of bringing the quagga back. This is essentially
true as well, though the implied cloning technique from
recovered DNA of the novel does not exist in the real world;
Quagga Project is currently attempting to rebreed the
animal from plain zebra stock.
On page 147, Malcolm points out a row of stainless steel
boxes and identifies them as Nishihara gene sequencers. As
far as I can tell, these are a fictional invention for the
On page 150, Malcolm reads a leftover InGen printout that
says, "Live births will be fitted with the new Grumbach
field tags at the earliest viable interval." I can find no
evidence of field tags associated with the name Grumbach,
but there is a German company called Grumbach which
manufactures incubators for bird and reptile eggs, so
Crichton may be implying an association.
On page 152, Malcolm sees a notice posted in an old locker
that says, in part, "Halt the Spread of DX Now!" He guesses
that DX must be an abbreviated name for the mysterious
disease that lab notes found seem to suggest was afflicting
some of the hatched dinosaurs. Could DX also be what was
causing the cold-like symptoms suffered by the Brachiosaur
Jurassic Park? We never learn the full name of DX in the
novel, though the term may be related to the real world
abbreviation of either "diagnosis" which is DX or the
"double-crossover" (DX) motif used in DNA nanotechnology
(though this motif may not yet have existed when this book
was being written).
Malcolm mentions sexual dimorphism in tyrannosaurs, with the
females being larger than the males, on page 162. This was
believed to be true at the time the novel was written, but
research in recent years has cast some doubt on that depiction.
Arby makes reference to a radio LAN on page 163. LAN stands
for Local Area Network.
In the movie, there is only one T. rex baby in the
rex nest. In the novel there are two babies and 4
more eggs. The babies are described as having a fluffy red
down on their bodies and a ring of pale white down around
On page 173, Levine speculates that adult tyrannosaurs may
teach their young to hunt by bringing small, wounded animals
to the nest for the young to finish off. This bit of
conversation may have been the inspiration for the scene at
the end of the movie in which the injured Ludlow is
presented by the father T. rex to his young one.
On page 177, Levine explains that a new form of encephalitis
has cropped up in Honduras and the government believes it
may be related to the dinosaur carcasses that have
occasionally washed up on the coast.
On page 179, Dodgson and Baselton have huevos rancheros and
beer at Chesperito Cantina in Puerto Cortes. This appears to
be a fictional establishment.
On page 180, the Elvis Presley song "Falling in Love in With
You" plays over the cantina's speakers. Elvis (1935-1977)
was known as the King of Rock and Roll during his life and
after. He never had a song called
"Falling in Love in With You". Probably Crichton is
referring to "Can't Help Falling in Love" which contains the
lyrics "I can't help falling in love with you".
Also on page 180, Baselton mentions Henri Poincare. Poincare
(1854-1912) was a French mathematician and science
philosopher. He produced some early work on the theory of
special relativity, though Einstein gets most of the credit.
On pages 180-181, the journals Nature, American
Scholar, and Natural History are mentioned by
Baselton as places to publish Biosyn's "discoveries" once
they have recovered the bankrupt InGen's work from Isla
Sorna. These are all real world publications.
On page 182, Dodgson's assistant, Howard King, pays a
fishing boat captain to take them to Isla Sorna with five
thousand colon notes. A colon is a monetary unit used in
both Costa Rica and El Salvador.
On page 188, Levine points out a fern on the island called
Dicranopterus cyatheoides. I cannot find validation
of a plant with this actual nomenclature. The genus name
appears to be misspelled and should be
Dicranopteris with an "i" instead of "u". Even with
that correction, there does not appear to be a
Dicranopteris with the species name cyatheoides,
though there are other genuses of fern with the
On page 189, Levine uses the phrase "nature red in tooth and
claw". This is a line from the poem "In Memoriam A.H.H." by
Alfred, Lord Tennyson. Malcolm quotes this same line in
On page 194, a Costa Rican official tells Sarah that the
helicopter has gone to San Cristobal for the next day or
two. There is no San Cristobal in Costa Rica, but he may be
referring to any of a number of cities by that name in other
Central and South American countries.
Dodgson mentions Sarah Bernhardt on page 195. Bernhardt (1844-1923) was a French actress who was known throughout
the world in her time, referred to as "the most famous
actress the world has ever known".
Page 199 reveals that Dodgson is known among his fellow
researchers as "The Undertaker".
On page 202, Sarah reflects on Malcolm's strange friends
she'd met in the past, including an Indonesian gamelan
troupe. Gamelan is a Javanese word for a set of musical
instruments that are meant to be played as an ensemble.
Sarah describes herself to Dodgson as an etholgist on page
203. An ethologist is a scientist who studies animal
Dodgson is not only unethical in his work, he may even be in
the habit of murdering people to get what he wants. He
attempts to murder Sarah by shoving her off Gandoca's boat
on the approach to Isla Sorna on page 206.
On page 211, while discussing dinosaur extinction theories
with Thorne and the kids, Malcolm and Levine mention that
the historical record seems to show that mass extinctions
seem to take place thousands or millions of years after a
major environmental change, not immediately after. The animals are
weakened by the change, but it's only after the change
begins to recede, "go back to normal", that the mass
extinctions take place. Levine says it's called "Softening
Up the Beachhead". Although I've found a few references to
this term in a biological context on the web, they all seem
to refer back to this novel in one way or another, so I
think it's a concept originally coined by Crichton himself.
On page 222, Levine reminisces on his past with Malcolm at
the Santa Fe Institute and their scientific arguments over
lunch at a restaurant on Guadalupe Street. The restaurant
goes unnamed, but is, presumably, the Guadalupe Cafe
mentioned earlier on page 10, though the real restaurant is
located on Old Santa Fe Trail, not Guadalupe Street.
Also on page 222, Levine reflects back on the animal that
attacked him and killed Diego shortly after they arrived on
the island and is reminded of the Carnotaurus sastrei
fossil found at the Gorro Frigo formation in Argentina. "Gorro
Frigo" means "Cold Skull" in Spanish. As far as I know
though, there is no such formation in Argentina.
Carnotaurus sastrei was a real dinosaur, however;
it is also the carnosaur seen in the
of IDW's first JP mini-series.
On page 225-226, Malcolm mentions several scientists of
Baron Georges Cuvier
(1769-1832) was a
who became the major
paleontology and the
Before this, science
did not believe that
any animals had ever
(because why would
God create a species
and then let it die
"Mendel" refers to
(1822-1884), who is
now known as the
father of genetics
for his discovery of
traits during his
study of pea plants.
- "Fischer and
Wright" refers to
R.A. Fischer and
Sewall Wright who,
along with J.B.S.
vital research on
the science of
- "Watson and
Crick" refers to
James D. Watson and
Francis Crick, who
structure of DNA.
On page 227, Malcolm mentions a 747. This is a reference to
the Boeing 747, a commercial jet airliner.
Malcolm mentions hemoglobin on page 228. Hemoglobin is the
iron-carrying protein found in the red blood cells of
Pages 237-238 describe the violent (even against each other)
feeding frenzy of raptors, which Sarah notes is very
different from the behavior of most modern carnivores. The
depicted behavior is more like the primitive shark than pack
Pages 242-243 describe parasaur behavior that includes a
sort of dino-latrine, a specific area in which the
herd goes to relieve themselves in order to mark territory.
also begin to lap at the new puddles of urine, as some
animals do to recover lost nutrients. After the
have left, the compys arrive on page 244 and commence to eat
the fresh dung and drink the urine, just as the original
Jurassic Park novel mentions
they were allowed to roam free on Isla Nublar to act as
waste disposal machines.
On page 245, Dodgson mentions cone magnets in the sound box
he had brought to keep the dinosaurs at bay. Cone magnets
are the magnets attached to the current-carrying coils
wrapped around the speaker cones of sound emitting devices.
Sarah is in the trailer's shower singing "I'm Gonna Wash
That Man Right Out of My Hair" on page 251. This song
originated in the musical play South Pacific.
On page 253, Sarah mentions George Schaller. Dr. Schaller
(1933-) is one of the world's preeminent field biologists,
known for his research in the wilds of Africa, Asia, and
Crichton may be poking fun at himself on page 266 when
Levine comments on John Roxton's "idiotic" theory that
tyrannosaurs had a visual system like that of amphibians due
to similarities in the braincases. An amphibian system
would mean that tyrannosaurs could not see things that
didn't move. This limitation of T. rex was used in
Jurassic Park novel and film
(and confirmed, about the dinosaurs in general, by Dr. Gerry
Harding in the novel and by Grant in the film). Here, Levine
states "...it is quite impossible that a predator such as a
tyrannosaur would have a visual system that worked that
way...the most common defense of prey animals is to
freeze...it senses danger and it freezes...a predator has to
be able to see them anyway." Possibly, Crichton got an
earful about this from paleontologists and other scientists
when the first JP novel was released and he decided to
correct it in The Lost World.
On page 267, Sarah reminisces about her old professor, who
was a hard-drinking Hemingway type. This is a reference to
Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), a hard-drinking adventurer
who is also considered to have been one of America's best
writers of novels, short stories, and non-fiction.
On page 269, Thorne compares the size of the baby rexes to
that of a small cassowary bird. Cassowaries
are large, omnivorous, modern-day birds from New Guinea.
Page 271 mentions Galileo as the start of scientists who
thought of themselves as objective observers of the natural
world. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) is often considered the
father of the Scientific Revolution and contributed to
astronomy, physics, mathematics and philosophy.
On page 281, Eddie tells Sarah he brought along some
diesterase which they could possibly use to make a cast for
the baby T. rex's broken leg, saying it is a polymer resin
used like glue which solidifies hard as steel. In this
context, diesterase appears to be a fictional compound
invented by Crichton for the novel, though in biology there
are enzymes called diesterase which break down the linkages
between nucleotides in nucleic acids.
On page 290, Howard King encounters a herd of dinosaurs with
which he is not familiar, described as "...about four feet
tall, with big domed heads and a bunch of little horns".
This seems to describe Pachycephalosaurus.
On page 302 Sarah mentions scrapie and mad-cow disease.
These are real diseases caused by prions. Scrapies affects
only sheep and goats.
Also on page 302, Sarah comments that the baby dinosaurs
were probably fed goat's milk by the InGen scientists since
it's so hypoallergenic. This is basically true, due to
goat milk's low concentration of lactose.
For most of the last fifth of the book, Malcolm is under the
influence of morphine to control the pain of his current
injuries. It makes him a bit goofy-headed and he starts
babbling songs, song titles, and complexity theories of
biological evolution. Perhaps Crichton was inspired by the
fever-induced babbling of Malcolm in
"Fever", published about a year before this novel.
On page 336, Malcolm mentions several concepts within the
study of evolutionary biology:
Fitness landscapes: a method of visualizing the relationship (as a
height vs. distance graphical representation) between a genotype or
phenotype with the reproductive success of a species.
Boolean nets: a
behavior: a process
in which structure
or pattern appear in
a system without
imposition of an
Malcolm mentions the clothing stores Benetton and Gap on
Benetton is a worldwide chain of fashion outlets based
out of Italy.
Gap is a worldwide chain based out of San Francisco, CA.
On page 353, Sarah and Kelly are chasing a raptor via
motorcycle. The raptor runs through an area of Benettitalean
cycads. Bennettitales are an extinct order of cycadeoids
from the Triassic-Cretaceous periods. This implies that, as
depicted on Isla Nublar in the
Jurassic Park novel,
InGen also bred and grew extinct plants (and possibly
insects) on Isla Sorna. This does not seem wise, since plant
seeds could, conceivably, be carried by wind or birds to the
mainland to sprout, especially considering that the novel
places Isla Sorna only
10 miles off the bay of Puerto Cortes, Honduras.
Page 357 mentions several drugs carried by Malcolm's team
for temporarily paralyzing animals: metacholine, mivacurium,
and cholinesterase. These are all real drugs.
Page 361 mentions Stu Kauffman as one of the biologists who
have argued that the origin and evolution of life is based
on complex systems and self-organization as much as Darwin's
theory of natural selection. This is true.
Malcolm mentions "Alexander's ragtime band" on page 372.
"Alexander's Ragtime Band" is the name of a 1911 song by
On page 374, Malcolm begins singing the lyrics of "Dixie", a
song of the U.S. south that originated in the mid-1800s.
Page 384 describes the coloring-changing skin of the
carnotaurs, comparing their pigmentation abilities to the
chromatophore arrangement of some marine invertebrates.
Chromatophores are the pigment-containing cells of animals
capable of spontaneously changing color, such as chameleons.
There is no real world evidence that Carnotaurus sastrei
was capable of changing skin color.
On page 391, Sarah, Thorne, and Levine observe some maiasaurs
tearing apart a couple of Styrofoam cases. At first, Levine
wonders if the maiasaurs have found some kind of "dinosaur
nip". This is a reference to catnip, the plant Nepeta
cataria, whose oil has a mildly "recreational effect" on
some felines. In the Land of the Lost episode
"Follow That Dinosaur", Holly Marshall discovers a plant
that grows in the Land that has a similar effect as catnip
on dinosaurs! (In this scene from the book, it turns out
that the Styrofoam cases contained maiasaur eggs that had been taken
from a nest by Dodgson, King, and Baselton.)
In a rage over the man who tried to murder her, Sarah shoves
Dodgson into the clutches of the T. rex, leading to his
Instead of Ludlow as in the movie, it is Dodgson who becomes
live food for the baby tyrannosaurs on pages 422-423.
On page 428, Sarah mentions kuru, a brain disease in humans
caused by prions. This is true.
On page 429, Malcolm says there have been five major
extinction events in the known history of Earth. This is
true. Over 50% of the animal species alive at the time went
extinct during each of these events.
Also on page 429, Thorne comments on the human species'
tendency to believe in one thing for a while and then
discard it and believe something else. As examples he
mentions phlogiston and the four humors. These were actual
beliefs/theories in our past. The phlogiston theory was
postulated by Johann Joachim Becher in 1667 and stated that
a fire-like element called phlogiston existed inside
combustible substances and was released upon combustion. The
four humors were believed by the ancient Greeks and Romans
to be the four basic substances of which humans were
composed and an imbalance of them caused diseases and
behavioral changes in people; the four humors were
identified as black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood.
Notes from The Lost World comic book
Written by: Don McGregor
Pencils by: Jeff Butler and Claude St. Aubin
Inks by: Armando Gil, Steve Montano, and Claude St. Aubin
Covers by: Walter Simonson and Richard Ory
Topps Comics published a 4-issue mini-series adapting the
movie in comic book format.
Throughout the first two issues of the mini-series, Malcolm
is depicted sporting a mustache! In issues 3 and 4 he's not!
Issue #1: Page 1 reveals that the father of the girl who
encounters the compys on the beach is named Paul Bowman. In
the novel Jurassic Park (from
which this scene was taken), the character is named Mike
Issue #1: Page 3 describes the compys that attack the
girl as Compsognathus, whereas the similar scene in
novel identifies them as the related species
The movie depicts an amusing "smash-cut" from Mrs. Bowman's
scream to Dr. Malcolm's yawn at the subway station. Page 4
issue #1 gives the yawn to
Peter Ludlow at an InGen board meeting instead.
Also on page 4, Ludlow runs down the dollar totals of media
pay-offs and wrongful death settlements from the incident on
Isla Nublar. Included is the settlement to the family of
Robert Muldoon, but if the Topps Comics stories depicted as
taking place shortly after Jurassic
Park are to be believed, Muldoon actually survived
the raptor attack seen in the movie. Possibly he was killed
in the unpublished wrap-up of the "green flame" storyline
and InGen still had to settle with his family.
Page 4 of issue #1 also has Ludlow
mention the cost to InGen of "demolition, deconstruction,
and disposal of Isla Nublar facilities, organic and
inorganic". Again, if the Topps Comics stories depicted as
taking place shortly after Jurassic
Park are to be believed, it seems InGen was left with the
clean-up bill instead of the U.S. Army or government after
the military takeover of the island and its dinosaurs for
the green flame project.
Issue #1: On page 4, panel 5, there appears to be a portrait
of John Hammond in the InGen board room.
Page 5 reveals that John Hammond's middle name
is Parker. This name also appears in the
Page 7 depicts Malcolm's meeting with Hammond taking place
in Hammond's lavish Park Avenue apartment, whereas it
appears to be in a mansion in the movie.
Issue #1: Pages 12-14 depict a scene cut from the final film
in which Ajay brings Roland Tembo InGen's offer of an
expedition to Isla Sorna.
Issue #1: On page 17, panel 4, as the group approaches Isla
Sorna on the ship, Eddie is puking over the side of the
Issue #2: On page 2, Sarah comments that the dinosaurs on
the island are obtaining lysine by eating lysine-rich plants
such as soy and agama beans. This is borrowed from the
original JP novel. In the novel portion of my study of
Park, I point out there does not appear to be such
a thing as agama beans!
Issue #2: This issue has several mentions of Sarah's fear of
heights. This does not appear in the either the movie or
Issue #2: On page 12, Roland refers to what appears to be a
Parasaurolophus instead as a carnithosaur. There is no such
dinosaur by that name and the only reference I can find to
it is in David Koepp's film script of The Lost World
(and this issue of the comic). Why the dinosaur's name was
changed, I have no idea.
Issue #2: Page 15 tells us that Roland carries an antique
double barreled elephant gun almost 100 years old. It uses
.600 Nitro Express metal jacket cartridges. These are all
real world terms; the Nitro Express rounds are made by the
Jeffery company in Great Britain.
Issue #2: Page 16 reveals that Ludlow's InGen camp on the
island is using blue laser fences encircling the perimeter
to keep out dinosaurs. These are not seen in the movie. (The
blue laser fence sounds like the ones used by the Visitors
around their human prison camps
in the original
V TV series!)
Issue #2: Page 18 reveals how the baby T. rex got a broken
leg...Ludlow accidentally steps on it while Roland is
setting his trap for the adults. In the novel, it is Howard
King who does so, again accidentally. But in the movie, we
never see how it happened; the baby is healthy and walking
in one scene and then when we see the trap set with the baby
as bait for the parents, the little tyke's leg is already broken
without explanation! It gives the impression Roland cruelly
did it himself to make the baby bleat for its parents.
Issue #2: Also on page 18, Roland makes the comment, "Orwell
had a point didn't he? 'Four legs good, two legs bad.'" This
is a reference to George Orwell's 1945 novel Animal Farm.
Issue #2: Page 19 describes Ludlow's preparation to go
before a Vivex camera to deliver a live presentation to
InGen's board of directors. As far as I can determine, this
Vivex video camera is fictional, though there was an early
color photography process called Vivex from 1928-1939.
Issue #2: On page 21, Ludlow mentions Sea World in San
San Diego Sea World was the first of several Sea
World parks opened in the latter half of the 20th century.
The parks are a combination animal theme park and oceanarium.
Issue #3: On page 6, Sarah sings, "Born free, as free as the
wind blows." These are lyrics from the song "Born Free",
written by John Barry and Don Black for the 1966 film of
Issue #3: On the top of page 14, a pterodactyl soars through
the sky. In the movie, we do not see a pterodactyl until the
very last scene of dinosaurs on the island. No pterodactyls
appear in the novel at all.
Issue #3: Instead of a snake crawling down his shirt as in
the movie, Burke is assaulted by giant centipedes in the
Issue #4: Page 2 mentions the InGen party walking through
the tall elephant grass and being attacked by raptors.
Unfortunately, elephant grass is not known to grow in the wild
outside of Africa.
Issue #4: As Sarah hangs from the roof of the InGen complex
and begins to slip on page 6, with raptors waiting below,
she imagines if she were a warrior princess she might be
able to hold on forever or flip over the raptors' heads, but
she is just a paleontologist and you don't need Herculean
arms for that. This may be a reference to the TV series
Xena: Warrior Princess, which was a spin-off from
another TV series, Hercules: The Legendary Journeys,
both of which Topps Comics had the comic book licenses for
at the time The Lost World comic was published.
Issue #4: On page 12, "carfentanil" (the drug used to tranq
the rex) is misspelled "carfentanig".
Issue #4: On page 19, Ludlow has realized he's to become a
Gerber's Baby Food dinosaur special.
Gerber produces over 100 baby food products sold around
the world, but only for human babies, not dinosaurs.
more than your education.wav
life will find a way.wav
I'm not making the same mistakes again.wav
other peoples headstones.wav
I'll love it when it works.wav
wild goose chase.wav
that hurts my feelings.wav
don't listen to me.wav
how many Sarahs.wav
that's how it always starts.wav
I'd like to thank everybody who lost.wav
I've worked around predators since I was 20 years old.wav
the best kind of girlfriend there is.wav
it is so important to your future that you not finish that
five or six pieces.wav
base camp or a buffet.wav
one of the tyrannosaurs.wav
reason to fear man.wav
you're much happier not knowing.wav
completely different situation.wav
they came for their infant.wav
three double cheeseburgers.wav
a couple dozen Marlboro men.wav
only humans do.wav
the only way you can express yourself.wav
talent skips a generation.wav
send rescue immediately.wav
the company of death.wav
now you're John Hammond.wav
follow the screams.wav
slow down a little.wav
life will find a way_2.wav
Back to Jurassic Park Episode